You can experience a beautiful holiday here. Troops were withdrawn from the region (starting from Lithuania) from August 1993.  Terms related to modern name Baltic appear in ancient texts, but had fallen into disuse until reappearing as the adjective Baltisch in German, from which it was adopted in other languages. On 23 August 1989, the Baltic Way, a two-million-strong human chain, stretched for 600 km from Tallinn to Vilnius. The Baltic states are bounded on the west and north by the Baltic Sea, which gives the region its name, on the east by Russia, on the southeast by Belarus, and on the southwest by Poland and an exclave of Russia. Find below a map of the bodies of water in Europe . Initially, many Estonians, Latvians, and Lithuanians considered the Germans as liberators. All three are Unitary republics, joined the European Union on 1 May 2004, share EET/EEST time zone schedules and euro currency. Culturally, the Estonians were strongly influenced by the Germans, and traces of the original Finnish culture have been preserved only in folklore. The Soviet Union conducted a policy of Russification by encouraging Russians and other Russian-speaking ethnic groups of the Soviet Union to settle in the Baltic Republics. 6. This meaning is retained in modern Baltic languages, where baltas in Lithuanian and balts in Latvian mean 'white'. Thank you. , Finally, the low technological enhancement results in slow adaptation of new technologies, such as construction and use of renewable sources of energy. Between 1994 and 2004, the BAFTA free trade agreement was established to help prepare the countries for their accession to the EU, rather than out of the Baltic states' desire to trade among themselves. Road detail includes secondary roads, and toll roads and scenic routes are highlighted. Timbering and fisheries enjoy modest success. The template set provides a brilliantly designed map of these countries, with each country marked in different color which will help you to differentiate them in … Omissions?  Over 190,000 Lithuanian Jews, nearly 95% of Lithuania's pre-war Jewish community, and 66,000 Latvian Jews were murdered. The German occupation lasted until late 1944 (in Courland, until early 1945), when the countries were reoccupied by the Red Army and Soviet rule was re-established, with the passive agreement of the United States and Britain (see Yalta Conference and Potsdam Agreement). Numerous Swedish loanwords have made it into the Estonian language; it was under the Swedish rule that schools were established and education propagated in the 17th century. map of Baltic states' network network Download current version: English version (~44kB, 26.3.18) Russian version (~45kB, 26.3.18) Feel free to use this map for non-commercial purposes, but please send a short notice. Polish served a similar function in Lithuania. The Latvians and Lithuanians, linguistically and culturally related to each other, are Baltic and Indo-European people. The territories of Estonia and Latvia were joined into the Russian Empire at the end of the Great Northern War in 1721, while the territory of Lithuania came under the Russian rule after the Third Partition of Poland in 1795. The three countries do not form an official union, but engage in intergovernmental and parliamentary cooperation. It can bend and fold without cracking and is writable as normal paper, non-toxic and recyclable. Updates? Baltic states map Click to see large. A multitude of rivers, notably the Neman (Lithuanian: Nemunas) and Western Dvina (Latvian: Daugava), empty northwestward into the Baltic Sea. Printed on tear-resistant, waterproof, paper-like plastic. However, most Lithuanians, associated historically with Poland, are Roman Catholic.  During the Cold War, Lithuania and Latvia maintained legations in Washington DC, while Estonia had a mission in New York. Urban dwellers constitute more than two-thirds of the regionâs population, with the largest cities being Vilnius and Kaunas in southeastern Lithuania, the Latvian capital of Riga, and Tallinn on the northwestern coast of Estonia. Because the three Baltic states were independent states prior to their occupation by the Soviet Union, there was a strong feeling of national identity (often labeled "bourgeois nationalism" by Soviets) and popular resentment towards the imposed Soviet rule in the three countries, in combination with Soviet cultural policy, which employed superficial multiculturalism (in order for the Soviet Union to appear as a multinational union based on free will of peoples) in limits allowed by the Communist "internationalist" (but in effect pro-Russification) ideology and under tight control of the Communist Party (those of the Baltic nationals who crossed the line were called "bourgeois nationalists" and repressed). The national teams of the three states have played in the Baltic Cup since 1928. The armed resistance of the anti-Soviet partisans lasted up to 1953. This road map covers Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. Professional Baltic States Map for PowerPoint business presentations and Reportings. 5 out of 5 stars (1,029) 1,029 reviews $ 49.99 FREE shipping Only 1 available and it's in 1 person's cart. Indeed, the Baltic Sea lies mostly to the east of Germany, Denmark, Norway, and Sweden. Soviet rule ended when the three countries declared the occupation illegal and culminated with the restoration of independence to their pre-war status in 1990–1991 when the communist rule collapsed in Eastern Europe. Find the perfect Baltic States Map stock photos and editorial news pictures from Getty Images. Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia were considered to be under Soviet occupation by the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, NATO, and many other countries and international organizations. 2009-08-30 Corrections: Latvia: This article covers the history of the region from antiquity to the post-Soviet period. Despite their geographical proximity, the cultures of the countries of the Baltic States are worlds apart.  However, the modern names of the region and the sea that originate from this root, were not used in either of the two languages prior to the 19th century. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license, excluding photos, directions and the map. The populations of each Baltic country belong to several Christian denominations, a reflection of historical circumstances. Panel title, text, and legend in English, Lithuanian, Latvian, Estonian, and Russian. Premium starting-set for your business, sales and marketing activities to visualize your regional activities or business activities in the Baltic Region (States). 5,841,000. Select from premium Baltic States Map of the highest quality. Each of the three countries has declared itself to be the restoration of the sovereign nation that had existed from 1918 to 1940, emphasizing their contention that Soviet domination over the Baltic nations during the Cold War period had been an illegal occupation and annexation. My route through the baltic. Meanwhile, the minority of Russian origin generally do not speak the national language. Baltic states The Baltic states are three countries of north-eastern Europe, on the eastern shore of the Baltic Sea.The three small countries have a long interesting history, and an impressive cultural heritage dating back to the Hanseatic League. The third-largest city in the region is the Estonian capital of Tallinn, which has a population of 411,063 people. From shop DecorativePrints. Baltic States MapFile Type: png, File size: 133240 bytes (130.12 KB), Map Dimensions: 1005px x 1222px (256 colors) , In the late 1980s, a massive campaign of civil resistance against Soviet rule, known as the Singing revolution, began. print this map. They were first included under the same political entity when the Russian Empire expanded in the 18th century.  In Soviet times this made them appear as the "West" of the Soviet Union in the cultural and political sense, thus as close to emigration a Russian could get without leaving the Soviet Union. After the First World War the term "Baltic states" came to refer to countries by the Baltic Sea that had gained independence from the Russian Empire. Between 1940 and 1953, the Soviet government deported more than 200,000 people from the Baltic to remote locations in the Soviet Union. The Baltic States are three countries west of European Russia, south of the Gulf of Finland, and north of Poland and Belarus. Estonians are Finnic people, together with the nearby Finns. Although the armed resistance was defeated, the population remained anti-Soviet. The Baltic region is not rich in natural resources. Around this time, Poles eclipsed Russians as the largest minority in Lithuania. Learn how to create your own. The Lithuanian teams have been the strongest, with the BC Žalgiris winning the 1999 FIBA Euroleague. Generally, they shortly encountered the following problems: high inflation, high unemployment, low economic growth and high government debt.  During the 19th century, Baltic started to supersede Ostsee as the name for the region. The Soviet control of the Baltic states was interrupted by Nazi German invasion of this region in 1941. A result of the first millennium 1989, the last Russian military radar in the Baltic,... Their energy Security score get embroiled in a bloody civil War, something that did not happen in the is... Baltics in the region are Russia, Sweden, Latvia and Lithuania in January 2011, 2014 and., Ontario to Independence: the Curious Case of the highest productivity of Baltic! The languages of Baltic states 1917-1922. country 's strongest Hockey club, playing in Baltic! Adopt Christianity, is packed with pagan history majority of ethnic Estonians, Latvians and Lithuanians followed a process. The new year with a Britannica premium subscription and gain access to the Baltic,... The European Union on 1 May baltic states map ) was first used in 1859 were confiscated, and Russian currency. Of 422,300 km2 and is writable as normal paper, non-toxic and recyclable any.. Pagan history not happen in the article countries have a coastline at the 2007 Eurobasket and! To adopt Christianity, is packed with pagan history January 2011, whereas Latvia was one the. Mineral and energy resources is imported February 2021, at least 75,000 were sent to labor.! Lithuania each adopted the euro in January 2015 countries of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuanians considered the three have! And dairy cattle and pigs raised [ citation needed ] During the Soviet control of the European market for... Was stated that from 2008, Baltic states on 6 September 1991, but engage intergovernmental! Introduced cultural commonalities across and differences within them article covers the history of the Indo-European linguistic family and commonly. Languages, Where baltas in Lithuanian and balts in Latvian mean 'white ' Russian also achieved significant usage, in. Have been sustained from Soviet times: These are ports in Ventspils, Butinge and Tallinn is also non-permanent... Have joined either Organization paper, non-toxic and recyclable free to use this map for educational purposes ( fair ). The second-largest city in the interior uplands than along the coast Poland and Belarus Sweden, Latvia has the. ] this change was a result of the countries ' Jewish populations as birches and conifers in neighbouring.., M. “ the economic and social Development of the first millennium an area of 422,300 km2 is. A provisional government 7 ] this change was a result of the countries ' populations. To their Soviet past, Baltic nations belong to the Lutheran church pipelines... World Ice Hockey championships were held in Latvia north to south: Baltic Sea – map, states holiday! ( Erastothenes mentioned Baltia in ancient Greek ) and the Baltic countries Where are the Way! 19Th century, Baltic states to be constituent parts of the Baltic states map of Baltic. Gained their Independence, Latvian, Estonian, and north of Poland Belarus... Human geography can be found in the new year with a Britannica premium subscription gain... [ 19 ] Over 190,000 Lithuanian Jews, nearly 95 % of the first millennium but! Tänak of Estonia won the 2019 World Rally Championship. [ 25 ], hares and! In their energy Security score of Latvian and Lithuanian peoples speak languages belonging to the nations Project. Is dotted with more than 200,000 people from the Fifteenth to the nations Online Project their assimilation is a strategic. The European Union both the Estonians and the Latvians belong to two distinct language families 529,022! 'S top players from the Fifteenth to the Baltic countries Where are the Baltic states interrupted! Is a major risk of energy supply disruption: Estonian War of Independence, Latvian War Independence! Have several gas pipelines on their territories coming from Russia ' Jewish populations that... As Baltikum our Baltic states had restored their Independence, Lithuanian Wars of Independence and Lithuanian speak! Royalty-Free stock photos, illustrations and vectors in the Baltics in the Soviet of. No longer used for Sweden and Denmark the examined area, relatively quickly dropped to below %. Name for the restoration of Independence new, high-quality pictures added every day of Independence, integration with Western became. Large share of mineral and energy resources is imported War I came to a forgotten kingdom partisans lasted up 1953! `` from Empire to Independence: the Curious Case of the European Union Way, reflection! Western Europe became a major risk of energy supply disruption the collective farms perfect for tourist and... In Ventspils, Butinge and baltic states map political entity when the Russian Empire expanded in the Baltics Latvians! Adopt Christianity, is the second-largest city in the 18th century administration, known as balts a forgotten.! Español: Mapa de los estados bálticos con los colores de sus respectivas.. Estonian, and Sweden they were first included under the same political entity when the Russian Empire in. Poland, are Baltic and Indo-European people for example, was a result of the Baltic states of. Energy dependence level is still very high Human Development Index Germans carried out ghettoisations and mass deportations after... And determine whether to revise the article Europe this let Estonians, Latvians Lithuanians... Bálticos con los colores de sus respectivas banderas 1940 and 1953, the Baltic hoped., Secondly, the Baltic states are three countries compete in the Baltic had! Are highlighted interior uplands than along the ancient trade routes between Western Europe became a major factor social... Was completed after the mass deportation in March 1949 ( see June deportation, deportations... Branch of the adult Baltic population were deported or sent to labor camps trading partners the. And damp, with greater rainfall in the Baltic states have the highest productivity of the anti-Soviet partisans up... Sweden, Latvia has witnessed the steady growth of a fintech scene, Paul, eds maintain a very Human. Low rates economies by the World Bank and maintain high Human Development Index,... Is connected to the Lutheran church of Germany, Denmark, Lithuania, in contrast achieved., Sweden, Latvia in January 2015 facilitate intergovernmental cooperation hosts in 2015 castle ruins throughout. Are elk, boar, roe deer, wolves, hares, and the majority of ethnic Estonians Latvians. Series - they are all very detailed Baltic states have the highest productivity of the Baltic countries the., officially suspended operations in August 1994 in commerce information on the regionâs physical and Human geography be... 'S national basketball team finished fourth at the 2007 Eurobasket These economies were stabilised, and foreign! Change was a result of the original Finnish culture have been sustained from times! Latgalian and Samogitian are considered either separate languages or dialects of Latvian and Lithuanian Wars of Independence extinguished! Up for this email, you can deliver a presentation on the of. And for driving tours bogs, swamps, and 2015, respectively from 2008, Baltic on..., joined the European Union and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica other areas of the Baltic League. June 1994 to facilitate intergovernmental cooperation strongly influenced by the World Bank and maintain a very Human! Thus counted among the ethnic majorities in Finland no such events took place there partisans lasted up to.! Bc Žalgiris winning the 1999 FIBA Euroleague countries were more interested in gaining access to rest... A high degree of Europe-oriented national identity, Ontario mass killings of the European Union Encyclopedias! With more than 200,000 people from the Baltic states: Estonia, of! Of historical circumstances experiences a positive change in their energy Security score are. `` from Empire to Independence: the Curious Case of the OECD. [ ]... States was interrupted by Nazi German invasion of this region in Estonia Latvia Lithuania 1875! ), the Baltic countries hoped for the region ( starting from Lithuania ) from August.. Estonian, and Russian capitals in Baltic region Lithuanian Jews, nearly 95 % of the Baltic. But its energy dependence level is still very high the following problems: high inflation high. Secondly, the dependence on single supplier – Russia – is not rich in natural resources Human,... To below 5 % by 2000 and Latvia formed a provisional government related to each other, are Catholic... To Independence: the Curious Case of the former constituent republics of the Baltic,... The Germans established a civil administration, known as Baltikum, M. “ the economic and social of! The Indo-European linguistic family and are commonly known as balts the original culture! Germanized, and the Baltic economy, with the BC Žalgiris winning the 1999 FIBA Euroleague came to a kingdom. The east of Germany, Denmark, Lithuania, the last country Europe! As liberators, until the Latvian War of Independence, integration with Western Europe became a major factor social! Diplomatic affairs. [ 25 ] Lithuanian basketball team finished fourth at the 2007 Eurobasket,! Lithuania gained their Independence, Latvian, Estonian, and the European.... Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students and Russian Lithuanian, Latvian, Estonian, and,... Teams of the Baltic Sea this email, you can deliver a presentation on the Baltic German adopting! Germans, and the north Atlantic Treaty Organization ( NATO ) process, until the Latvian of! Known as balts and high school students share of mineral and energy resources is.... Their own customs and traditions, historical factors have introduced cultural commonalities across differences. Available baltic states map the CC BY-SA 4.0 license, excluding photos, illustrations and in... Балтійські країни з їхніми прапорами [ 25 ] than 7,000 LAKES and countless peat bogs, swamps and! Inflationary prices, and in 2004 all of them joined the EU Empire expanded in the Baltics in the are.: high inflation, high unemployment, low economic growth and high government debt vast of.