An excellent pollenizer for berry production on early-flowering female varieties such as Red Sprite. For winterberry holly information, including notes on how to grow winterberry holly, read on. If you decide to plant them beside each other, calculate their distance apart by adding together half of the ultimate width of each. Winterberry holly (I. verticillata) requires a male plant to bear noticeable numbers of fruit. To get berries on a female plant, a male plant must be near. Winterberry, best planted in early autumn, is suitable for growing in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 9. Cold-Hardy Male Pollinator for Winterberry Holly This Southern Gentleman with have other Hollies Seeing Red …beautiful red berries, that is! So, if you plant hollies in your backyard and want to see berries, be sure you plant both male and female. Flowers appear on new growth. Sunlight Requirements: Full sun to part shade. Winterberry is similar to Mountain Holly (Ilex montana) but the leaves are a little smaller, narrower, and more rugose (the veins are more indented). Female plants produce bright red berries in profusion in early fall while leaves are still green and remain until mid-winter. taller evergreens. It may reach 12' tall and features attractive glossy, light green foliage. It grows in full sun or partial shade, preferring afternoon shade in hot zones. Look for improved varieties, especially if you need a smaller plant. You might be asking why a combo? Generally one male winterberry will be sufficient for pollinating 6-10 female plants. Now is the only time to tell the difference between male and female plants (besides if you have berries then you know you have a female). * The male and female plants must bloom at precisely the same time for the female to be receptive. By contrast, each female bloom has a green ovary (that is, a green "bump" in the center of its bloom). Both male and female plants produce flowers, but only fertilized flowers on female winterberry shrubs produce berries. Grow winterberry holly across U.S. Department of Agriculture hardiness zones 4b through 8. Noteworthy Characteristics. This species does well in wet areas, and its native habitats are places like bogs or swamps. Native to eastern parts of North America, within hardiness zones from 3 to 9, reaching heights of 6 feet to 12 feet. To produce berries a male and female plant are both required - use Mr. Poppins ® winterberry holly as the pollinator. Prune to shape in late winter or early spring before new growth appears. Keep reading. Winterberry holly is dioecious (dye-oh-ee-shus, Greek for “two houses”). Winterberry hollies are dioecious. Winterberry Holly. Male holly flowers have four yellow stamens extending from the center of the flower. This means that to get a beautiful, berry-covered winterberry holly, you must plant both a male and a female. many female cultivars exist, with some being hybrids of Ilex serrata (Finetooth Holly) and Ilex verticillata; their required male pollinators are noted for their early (E), … Smooth green leaves are entire rather than notched in the typical holly fashion. Generally, one male winterberry can pollenize up to ten female plants. While the greenish flowers are small, the berries that follow are bright red and very showy. But if your landscape has been well planned, winter need not be a time of colorlessness. Soil pH Range: 3.8 to 6.0 or slightly acidic soil. One of the best plants for fall and winter color. Finally - and here's the kicker - male and female plants must bloom at precisely the same time for the female … Winterberry is a deciduous holly that naturally grows along streams, ponds, and swamps. But at that point in the season it is too late to tell. Male & Female Winterberry Holly Combo (2-Pack of 3 Gallon Pots) If you love berries you're gonna love this combo of Winterberry Hollies, both of which are easy-to-grow North American natives. Common holly, Ilex aquifolium, has shiny, evergreen leaves. The folks knew that hollies have male and female plants, and that only the females bear berries. Flowering Considerations. 1 Plant both … It is an upright, rounded, slow-growing shrub that can form thickets from root suckers. The male must be the same species as the female and bloom at the same time. The most common reason for lack of berries on female shrubs is that the tree is either a male or that a male tree is not available nearby to pollinate a female one. Use in groupings or masses for maximum effect. Typically, Winterberry Hollies have all green leaves. The flowers appear either singly or in small clusters along the stems. ‘Sunsplash’ is a unique variety of Winterberry in that it has variegated leaves. Standing 3-4 feet tall this dwarf Winterberry is the perfect size for any garden with an upright habit of glossy green foliage and is appealing in spring and summer landscapes. They wondered, though, if there must be a male pollinator for every species of holly in a landscape. Comments and questions like the ones above usually come during the fall or winter when the bright red berries begin to show up on Ilex verticillata, winterberry. If you aren't sure, the difference is in the flowers. I took for granted the beauty and appeal of the winterberry holly. Tolerant of various soil types, they’re suitable for many different uses such as rain gardens and hedges. Propagation: Winterberries may be propagated from softwood cuttings. For best results plant at least one male plant for every three female plants. Growing Winterberry Holly. So, if you want the beautiful berries for this queen of the winter landscape, you have to plant a male counterpart nearby. The attractive berries which are the signature of the winterberries are produced on female varieties such as 'Winter Gold', if a male variety, such as Southern Gentleman Winterberry, is nearby to provide pollen. A male pollinator, such as Jim Dandy Holly is required for berry set. In other words, the shrubs are either male or female. In general, a pollinating male holly needs to be within 500 feet of the female, but for Ilex verticillata, a distance of 15 feet is recommended. Both male and female plants are needed to have berries. Many cultivars of holly species exist. Height: over 12m Winterberry (Ilex verticillata) is a deciduous type of holly that grows wild in moist, boggy areas. Named cultivars, however, are usually found in both male and female varieties. This is the pollinator for Red Sprite Winterberry. To ensure you have both male and females, stick with similar varieties of holly plant, male and female are not always labeled. Common Winterberry Winterberry Winterberry Holly Phonetic Spelling EE-leks ver-tik-il-LAY-tah Description Winterberry is a deciduous tree that may grow 10 to 15 feet tall, but it often occurs in the wild as a shrub. All hollies are good for attracting pollinators and birds. As with blueberry bushes, in order to produce a bumper crop of berries you must have a male plant to pollinate a female. An extremely hardy male holly with rich, deep green foliage on a dense, twiggy, oval to rounded form. It gets its name from the Christmas-red berries that develop from fertilized flowers and stay on the bare bush stems much of the winter. Beyond 40 feet, one male will pollinate about four to five female plants. ‘Afterglow’ and ‘Red Sprite’ are common female Winterberries. Answer: Yes, winterberry has male and female plants. Design Ideas This is the pollinator for Red Sprite Winterberry. English holly (Ilex aquifolium) is one of the most common with its familiar glossy, dark-green spiky leaves and bright red berries used for Christmas displays. Moisture Requirements: Prefers medium to wet soils but will tolerate average garden soil. "Is my winterberry a male or female?" Dirr, M., Mannual of Woody Landscape Plants, College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences, Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center. It doesn't look like a holly. Full sun will result in better berry production. Most holly species are dioecious, meaning male and female flowers are on different plants, thus requiring a male holly plant to pollinator for the female to set fruit. This male variety is required for berry production on the females. For the female flowers to be pollinated and produce berries, it requires the pollen from a male plant. Winterberries are dioecious (separate male and female plants). Male and female flowers are usually borne on separate plants (dioecious), occasionally on the same plant (monoecious), and rarely a plant will produce perfect flowers (both male and female parts). One male winterberry plant produces adequate pollen for up to 10 female plants. ‘Afterglow’ and ‘Red Sprite’ are common female Winterberries. Male & Female Winterberry Holly Combo (2-Pack of 3 Gallon Pots) If you love berries you're gonna love this combo of Winterberry Hollies, both of which are easy-to-grow North American natives. Winterberry is a deciduous holly that naturally grows along streams, ponds, and swamps. Typically, Winterberry Hollies have all green leaves. The attractive red berries which are the signature of the winterberries are produced on female varieties such as 'Red Sprite' if a male variety (such as 'Jim Dandy') is planted nearby to provide pollen. Match a female shrub with a male shrub that blooms at roughly the same time in spring. Only fertilized female flowers will produce the attractive red berries that are the signature of the species. If you’re looking for a splash of red during drab winter months, then purchasing this Southern Gentleman Holly (and a female holly bush if you don’t have one) is the first step. Over the holidays, I received an email from the Fayetteville area regarding the proper spacing of winterberry (Ilex verticillata) for good pollination and fruit production. While the greenish flowers are small, the berries that follow are bright red and very showy. Winterberry is dioecious and the male and female flowers form on separate plants. Winterberry holly (Ilex verticillata) ... Hollies have either male or female (called dioecious) flowers on the entire plant. The normal ratio is one male pollinator for every 12-15 female plants. This male variety is required for berry production on the females. Nurseries grow and sell many varieties of winterberry shrubs. Moreover, male flowers are borne in clusters of seven to twelve. Maintenance: None other than an occasional pruning to maintain size or to remove dead or damaged growth. There are dozens of varieties, many of which have variegated leaves. In Craven County, winterberry can be seen in wetlands and especially along streams such as Brices Creek. A male pollinator, such as Jim Dandy Holly … Winterberry holly is dioecious, which means each individual plant will bear either male or female flowers. It is an upright, rounded, slow-growing shrub that can form thickets from root suckers. Winterberry is dioecious, so both male and female plants are needed for fruit production. Both Little Goblin Red and Little Goblin Orange are female winterberries that require a male pollinator. Your email address will not be published. But what if you have no berries!? As with hollies generally, flowers are imperfect (comprised of male or female parts but not both) and individual plants are dioecious (male or female). In Craven County, winterberry can be seen in … ‘Apollo’, ‘Raritan Chief’, ‘Jim Dandy’ and ‘Southern Gentleman’ are consorts readily available at nurseries that sell the female holly varieties. Tolerant of various soil types, they’re suitable for many different uses such as rain gardens and hedges. Add To My Plant List. Prune to shape in early spring just before new growth appears. For best results plant at least one male plant for every three female plants. It doesn't act like a holly. Some of the most popular male Winterberries include ‘Jim Dandy’ and ‘Late Male’. Allow one male for every three females. In other words, each individual plant bears only one type of flower: those that will turn into berries (a female plant) or those that bear pollen (a male plant). Ilex verticillata, the winterberry, is a species of holly native to eastern North America in the United States and southeast Canada, from Newfoundland west to Ontario and Minnesota, and south to Alabama. Generally one male winterberry will be sufficient for pollinating 6-10 female plants. One of the best plants for fall and winter color. Winterberry is a deciduous holly that naturally grows along streams, ponds, and swamps. Now that you know the differences between the flowers you can solve the puzzle of no berries. To encourage fruit production, plant at least one male bush for every four female plants. For instance, ‘Blue Prince’ and ‘Blue Princess’, ‘China … ‘Sunsplash’ is a unique variety of Winterberry in that it has variegated leaves. Ilex verticillata, the winterberry, is a species of holly native to eastern North America in the United States and southeast Canada, from Newfoundland west to Ontario and Minnesota, and south to Alabama.. Other names that have been used include black alder, Canada holly, coralberry, fever bush, Michigan holly, or winterberry holly.. Male. If you know that you have a female shrub, you will need a male to pollinate it so that the female will produce berries. Plant winterberry holly from nursery transplants or cuttings, rather than wild plants. Whereas one male blue holly, such as "Blue Prince," will pollinate eight or 10 blue holly females, male winterberries should be interspersed at a ratio of one to every four or five females. Straight species for male and female species. (Winterberry Holly) To produce an explosion of brilliant berries in the landscape use Mr. Poppins Ilex as the male pollinator for Berry Poppins. Plant male and female winterberries within 50 feet of each other for heavy fruit set. And now … How do you know if you have a male or female winterberry? All flowers are about ¼ inch across with 5 to 8 white petals that are spreading to reflexed. Dwarf winterberry plants, available in both male and female varieties, are small versions and ideal for planting in containers or small gardens. It may reach 12' tall and features attractive glossy, light green foliage. Ilex verticillata are either male or female shrubs. 'Jim Dandy' is a male plant and is generally grown In the photo shown above, you can see four small yellow protrusions extending from the center of the flower. It is an upright, rounded, slow-growing shrub that can form thickets from root suckers. Winter is a time when many gardeners resign themselves to a landscape that will be a bit dreary until next spring, spending their time planning next year's garden. Select cuttings from both male and female plants since both are needed for successful fruit set. Established winterberry holly can take some dryness, but severe or frequent dry conditions will impact berry set. They will not thrive in alkaline soil. Only fertilized female flowers will produce berries. Female Winterberry Holly Shrubs: Red Sprite Winterberry Holly: A profusion of bright red berries brighten the winter landscape and provide food for birds. VCE Publications & Other Online Resources, https://njaes.rutgers.edu/deerresistance/, https://pubs.ext.vt.edu/2901/2901-1077/2901-1077_pdf.pdf. One male plant will pollinate about 20 female plants to produce fruit when planted within 40 feet of each other. Female Winterberry Holly Shrubs: Red Sprite Winterberry Holly: A profusion of bright red berries brighten the winter landscape and provide food for birds. Flowers appear on new growth. Only female plants produce berries, and one or more male plants that bloom at the same time need to be growing within 50 feet of the females if you wish to … From early spring to midsummer, clip 6- to 8-inch long cuttings from the ends of green, pliable winterberry branches. A deciduous holly valued for its extremely colorful red berries which last throughout winter on female plants; upright growth... 52. 'Raritan Chief' - This is a male clone used to pollinate many deciduous holly hybrids, as it flowers over a long period. Michigan State Female plants produce bright red berries in profusion in early fall while leaves are still green and remain until mid-winter. Fruit sets only on female winterberry plants pollinated by at least one male winterberry plant in relatively close proximity, about 50 feet. Grow winterberry holly across U.S. Department of Agriculture hardiness zones 4b through 8. Winterberry ... Dioecious literally means “two households” and in this case, that there are male and female plants. Afterglow Winterberry Ilex verticillata 'Afterglow' Plant Type: shrub Height: 8 feet Spread: 8 feet Sunlight: partial shade to full sun. Male flowers will be staminate, that is they will lack the female pistil. Generally one male winterberry will be sufficient for pollinating 6-10 female plants. Most hollies, whether evergreen or bare in winter, require a male holly to provide pollen to insure fruit set. Some of the most popular male Winterberries include ‘Jim Dandy’ and ‘Late Male’. If you purchase a female but don't have a male (or the right male) and end up with no berries, you may think that you bought a male and go out and buy another female. Piedmont Master Gardeners, Sharing knowledge, Empowering communities, Both male and female plants produce flowers, but only. Female plants produce bright red berries in profusion in early fall while leaves are still green and remain until mid-winter. "I thought I bought a female and a male but I don't have any berries.". Winterberry holly care does not require a male and a female plant, but you’ll need at least one of each in the vicinity if you want the signature red berries. The foliage of lustrous, leathery, dark green leaves may develop yellow to purple tinged fall color. show well in front of fences and stone walls. This is another moisture-loving deciduous native holly is the common. Winterberry holly (Ilex verticillata) is a slow-growing holly bush variety, native to North America. Winterberry is dioecious, meaning there are separate male and female plants. Holly, Winterberry, Jim Dandy Male $19.95 One of the best plants for fall and winter color. Both a male and a female plant are required for the female plants to produce red berries, which appear from late autumn to mid-winter. If you have room in your landscape, plant several winterberry hollies so that you can clip the heavily berried branches for use in floral arrangements. If you decide to plant them beside each other, calculate their distance apart by adding together half of the ultimate width of each. Note: To ensure fruit set, you must plant a male and a female winterberry. Like some of the other hollies, Winterberry Holly also requires both a male and a female plant planted in close proximity to one another in order for the plants to produce a bumper crop of the those striking red berries. Winterberry (Ilex verticillata) Winterberry is a medium-sized deciduous shrub of wetlands that occurs in moist areas throughout North Carolina. Sparkleberry Holly: Sparkleberry Holly, or Winterberry, has bright red berries appear from late summer to early fall. Winterberry is generally a dioecious plant, which means it has male and female flowers on separate plants. Photos and information about Minnesota flora - Winterberry: shrub to 13 feet, alternate leaves, usually separate male/female plants; ¼-inch white flowers in leaf axils, 5 to 8 petals Post a comment Note: All comments are moderated before posting to keep the riff-raff out. Other for heavy fruit set, you must have a male or female 3... Meaning female flowers are about ¼ inch across with 5 to 8 petals. 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