1891 allowed long-distance transmission of electricity. German inventor Freidrich Winzer (Winsor) was the first person to patent coal gas lighting in 1804 and a "thermolampe" using gas distilled from wood was patented in 1799. distances and inability to provide high-voltage electricity required by He was quoted as saying “I claim that this application of electricity, as suggested by a thoughtful engineer, represents a principle of economy that affects time and labor in a way to make the experience with electricity in my home a success.”. regulated industry, the U.S. electric system remains one the most Today the Hilman all electric house sits quietly in its Avon Street section of Schenectady, the home of a retired judge. 1936: The GE Juice-o-Mat, “A-la-carte” table cooker, Portable Mixer, Hotpoint automatic roaster, and the Dorchester coffeemaker were introduced into the home. A 151-year-old house that was the first in the world to be lit using hydroelectricity is once again harnessing the power of water to light the property. Press, 2013). petroleum consumption for electricity at 1970 was roughly 15%, decreased Places Inventory - Nomination: Adams Power Plant Transformer House", electricity industry, such as Clean Water Act (1972), The Public cleaners (1908) and household refrigerators (1912). On the Issue of Slavery in New York State. First brick house erected in this country (Penn's house). For example, PUHCA does not How much electricity does an American home use? Despite high-price in 70's petroleum still used 2, 76 (2013). designed by G.Westinghouse, W.Stanley and O. Shallenberger. (additions, 1990), The National Energy Policy Act (1992). All other On average, the typical American uses 41% of their energy on space heating, and 35% on appliances, electronics and lighting. ending era of DC. It traces the quantity of energy consumed in the form of wood, coal, petroleum, natural gas, hydroelectric power and nuclear in quadrillions of BTU. If you lived in town in the 1930s, your house had probably electricity. high-efficiency (60% or 7 kBTU/kWh), 3 times more efficient than those Both technologies and regulations determine todays In 1903, for example, the first steam turbine generator, pioneered by Charles Curtis, was put into operation at the Newport Electric Corporation in Newport, Rhode Island. Cooking and heating were limited to coal or wood because of the limited capability of the single circuit. Byron Nuclear Generating Station. Edison's Pearl Station converted less than 2.5% of [3] The Hilman was head of the Electric Heating Department at GE in 1905 when he constructed his experimental house to demonstrate new uses of electricity. The modern electric utility industry in the United States can be traced to the invention of the practical light bulb in 1879 by Thomas Alva Edison. Information Administration, DOE/EIA-0384(2011), Electric lighting came to Chicago in 1880, when the Palmer House Hotel installed electric lights in time for that year's Republican National Convention. Therefore, the number of gas-fired power plant reduces to 12% Even before Edison was born, scientists had experimented with making light bulbs. to copy, distribute and display this work in unaltered form, with [9] "The Clear Air There is an electric meter outside of your house that keeps track of this. Unfortunately, Washington didn’t live long enough to reside in the White house and in 1814, the British set fire to the building– a direct result of the War of 1812. regulate business in the United States. Dummies: An Electricity Blackout and Energy Bill Primer," Public [5] C. R. Christian and J. Gardner, "National Register of Historic The Oil Crisis (October 1973 - March 1974) caused by 1915 The General Electric Story. Despite high demand and high prices for Electricity generated in 2015: … both electric and natural gas. United States with denoted milestones. invention of light bulb by Thomas Edison, demonstrated to public in chemical energy of coal to electric current and required approximately Thus, the history of U.S. Electricity starts by opening of the Pearl Street station in lower Manhattan at 1882 (operated by Tomas Edison's team). of the Electric Generating station," IEEE Power and Energy 11 Emergence of Electrical Utilities in America . In the 1990s gas became more popular as technology they own petroleum business. This allows the energy sources to be compared on a constant basis. The first long-distance high-voltage transmission line is established by American Gas & Electric (AG&E), an investor-owned utility. The house also seems to have a dedicated group of volunteers. The first President of the United States, George Washington, chose the site for the White House in Washington D.C. in 1791. Air Requirements. That’s because the average electricity spend per year is $1,368.36 per year, and 35% of the power used is actually wasted. had been required to spread out the technology. switched go gas, nuclear and wind-fired power plants. Additionally, it had 25 miles He, for the first time used this word. by William Stanley. # Otto von Guericke invented a machine that produced static electricity in 1660. Built in 1792, the White House has only been electrified for over a century. Total electricity sector coal demand decreases from 930 million tons per year in 2009 to 460 tons per year in 2030. Power Plant had 37 MW power output, several hundreds times more powerful [10] D. Normile, "Cooling a Hot Zone," Science 3.8% (93 kBTU/kWh). took the original model of the light bulb and made the design more efficient and convenient so that the average citizen could use it.Historical events like the industrial revolution led to cheaper designs for light bulbs that everyone could afford. Moreover, Fukushima accident (2011) question the 1908 – Electric coffee percolators first appear in American stores 1901 – Spangler’s electric vacuum cleaner patented by William Henry Hoover 1901 – First electric-powered washing machine, the “Thor,” introduced by Alva Fisher Company Act of 1935: 1935-1992, PUHCA for [1] C. Sulzberger, "Pearl Street in Miniature: Models "National Register of Historic attribution to the author, for noncommercial purposes only. invention of AC induction motor (by N.Tesla) in 1888 and Tesla coil in [4] Those State: Illinois. petroleum stimulate growing number of gas-fired plant (24% in 1970). electricity, the station was money-losing business for several years, improved, and as electricity producers required to meet stricter Clean But if you lived in a farmhouse in the country, you did not have electricity. generators to use gas, since it was considered as a diminishing The association decided that a committee of engineers should verify Hilman’s claims. economic power in just a few companies, and, thus, electricity became electric utilities, this law was in action till February, 2006. It was to prove that electricity could provide wide domestic applications beyond simply lighting and that these appliances could make lives easier. It still remains as it was in 1905 – an all-electric house. Throughout the following years, many different Presidents added different sections to the White House… oil embargo of Organization of Arab Petroleum Countries has significant Great House House has beautiful woodworking, painted ceilings, and an interesting history, being the first hydroelectric powered house in the world using Edison's system. 1683 The first parks or public enclosures laid out in North America for the pleasure and convenience of the people were shown on the plan for Philadelphia (designed by Thomas Holme), in the Northeastern, Southeastern, Northwestern, Southwestern and Centre Squares of the city. 2013 Alternating Current Development in America. of simplicity, only Clean Air Act is considered. The first "high voltage" AC power station, rated 4-MW 10-kV 85-Hz, was put into service in 1889 by Sebastian Ziani de Ferranti at Deptford, London. in 1935. In practically every house in America, capital is being wasted on energy consumption. First All Electric House The Bungalow style house at 1155 Avon Road in Schenectady, NY is known as the house without a kitchen chimney. 139 kBTU/kWh. [2] V. Smil, Energy Transitions: History, The house's source of electricity was the Appleton Edison Light Company, the first commercial electric plant in America, which was put into operation two weeks after a much larger steam central power station in New York City, known as the Pearl Street Station. All of these [3] Thus, electricity became large industry with high Act," 42 United States Code 7101-7626, 24 Feb 04. Their decision and recommendation were that electric heating and appliances should be vigorously pursued by the member companies. [8,10] Last decade wind The first house in Martinsburg, WV with electricity. [11] “ GE’s William Coolidge develops the ductile tungsten filament, the material still used today for light bulbs. mainly because of high initial cost and limitation of direct current [6] "Public Utility Holding Electricity is generated from many different sources in the U.S. [7] L. Hargis, "PUHCA for All of this decreased amount of coal-fired power plant and resources. Most power plants make electricity with a machine called a generator, which has a rotor and stator. As shown on Fig. U.S. Electricity system. This Act was passed to This system was The Your parents actually have to pay for how much electricity is used. crisis showed great dependence of Unites States and other western amendments in 1990 established a national permit program for stationary Company Act of 1935: 1935-1992," U.S. Energy Information Administration, The first use of a large windmill to generate electricity was built by inventor Charles Brush. Through an intense competition, architect James Hoban’s design was chosen in 1792, and construction began shortly after. to supply 1,200 bulbs. Requirements, Prospects (Praeger, 2010). Thus, the history of additional regulations. industry. [2,5]. High-prices in No. Manhattan at 1882 (operated by Tomas Edison's team). Browse previous blog posts by month and year of entry. is the importance of PUHCA? energy become very promising source of energy with 30GW installed In 1920, only 35% of households had electricity. Just like the title. [9] The major unregulated business to regulated business (4) limit common ownership of The However, complete system of generation and distribution capacity. Hall of History Publications. It is important for us to find clean sources that don't pollute the environment while also providing affordable electricity. The need for energy-efficient lighting American war plants led to the rapid adoption of fluorescents, and by 1951, more light in the U.S. was being produced by linear fluorescent lamps. current) power system in the United States was built. The predecessor of all electricity system is an Looking for promoting the economy of electricity, at that time expensive to produce, his house had five instruments throughout to record room temperature and power consumption during his first winter. This is the first post in a series. [6] What History of energy use: This graph illustrates the history of energy use in the United States between 1775 and 2009. Thomas Alva Edison did not invent the first light bulb. Americans have long been told that our country is running out of energy, but we now know that is wrong. Places Inventory - Nomination: Adams Power Plant Transformer House", Public Utility Holding If you wanted to use an appliance, you had to unscrew one of the light bulbs. Nuclear Power come online significantly late (1980s), however, 2003. Surprised? # In 1600, William Gilbert first translated the Greek word ‘amber’ to the word ‘electricity’ in English. December 1979. following: (1) limit the geographic spread of utility holding companies; Fuel source: Nuclear. September 2012, Table 8.11b. Information Administration, However, they adoption of Fuel Use Act (1978) prohibiting new power than Edison's Pear Station in 1882. For the sake [3] M. Klein, The Power Makers: Steam, T The station used one direct current generator (27 tons) and provide 100 Kw, enough to supply 1,200 bulbs. The Westinghouse Electric Company is organized. generation improved to significant 17% (21 kBTU/kWh). The leader in electric vehicle (EV) charging. The house and two paper mills were powered by a dynamo located inside one of the mills. 1915: GE’s Irving Langmuir stabilizes tungsten filament in 1915 by twisting it and using gas in the bulbs (N, then Ar); GE invents Calrod, an electrically insulating heat conductor making electric stoves safer; 1925: GE introduces Monitor-top refrigerator, the first hermetically sealed domestic refrigerator; 1930: GE places the first electric washing machine on the market; 1935 First food waste disposer: the Disposall (GE). DOE/EIA-0384(2010) October 2011, Table 8.2. The author grants permission 2000 Willamette Falls - Where the Future Began. protect the public from airborne contaminants (1967). At the time, homes were restricted to wire with a single circuit capable of handling mostly light bulbs. industries and lead to invention of power washing machine (1907), vacuum electric range manufactured, the GE Hotpoint electric. 1936: The GE Juice-o-Mat, “A-la-carte” table cooker, Portable Mixer, Hotpoint automatic roaster, and the Dorchester coffeemaker were introduced into the home. For the exact same reasons why computers, appliances became common in average households: they (inventors, engineers, etc.) At 1896 the coal-plant efficiency slightly improved to Age (Princeton U. [1] The station Electricity is produced by the movement of electrical currents in a turbine or piston. Hydropower plants produced about 7% of total U.S. electricity generation and about 38% of electricity generation from renewable energy in 2019. electricity. The Public Utility Holding Company Act of You'll see all the posts for that time period. 1893 The Westinghouse Electric Company used an alternating current (AC) system to light the Chicago World’s Fair. Fig. [8] "Annual Energy Review 2010," U.S. Energy This is neither good for your bank account or the environment. It was in the late 1870s when America's greatest inventor -- Thomas Alva Edison -- developed and built the first electricity generating plant in New York City. rights, including commercial rights, are reserved to the author. Electricity, and the Men Who Invented Modern America (Bloomsbury Voltages used for electric power transmission increased throughout the 20th century. impact on oil consumption and efficiency of the electric plants. By 1940 the efficiency of electricity used one direct current generator (27 tons) and provide 100 Kw, enough The line originates from the first major steam plant to be built at the mouth of a coal mine, virtually eliminating fuel transportation costs. [2], In 1886 the first commercial AC (alternating Edison & the First Power Station. The Hawkins Electrical Guide. Louisiana – 1,273 kWh Per Month Frank Sprague builds the first American transformer and demonstrates the use of step-up and step-down transformers for long-distance AC power transmission in Great Barrington, Massachusetts. By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, including the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. (1896) - the next milestone is the history of U.S. Electricity. for electricity supply since gas was in short supply. Utilities Regulatory Policies Act (PURPA, 1978), Clean Air Act in 1990. [11] "Annual Energy Review 2011," U.S. Energy construction of new nuclear power almost stopped at 2000's due to many In 2019, the average annual electricity consumption for a U.S. residential utility customer was 10,649 kilowatthours (kWh), an average of about 877 kWh per month. efficient in the world. to less than 1% in 2010. 2 shows history of installed capacity of Citizen's Critical Mass Energy and Environment Program, September utilities that supply out electricity and retail natural gas, by doing allow Chevron or Exxon Mobil to control electricity unless they gave up It protects the financial health of public Press, 2008). 1912 For use of Edison Tech Center images and videos see our licensing agreement. [7] Overall, it reduces concentration of American Association for State and Local History, 9 Sep 78. Hilman read a paper at the Association of Edison Electric Illuminating Companies. 1, Built for GE’s Harry W. Hilman in 1905, it was a very special house – the first all electric house in the world, created to demonstrate the marvels of this new use of electricity and the domestic products being produced by the pioneering Edison Company. Working tirelessly on electricity from his laboratory in New Jersey in the 1870s, America’s greatest inventor brought the incandescent electric light bulb into practical use by the end of that decade and patented the incandescent light bulb in 1880. [4] W. B. Carlson, Tesla: Inventor of the Electrical The Bungalow style house at 1155 Avon Road in Schenectady, NY is known as the house without a kitchen chimney. America’s energy revolution has produced affordable, reliable energy … Dummies: An Electricity Blackout and Energy Bill Primer. inventions led to a greater demand and helped to spread-out of President Benjamin Harrison and his wife Caroline were the first to live in an electrified White House, but electricity was so new at the time that the couple refused to touch the light switches for fear of electric shock. There are many additional laws has a great impact on In 1792, the first commercial use of gas lighting began when William Murdoch used coal gas for lighting his house in Redruth, Cornwall. While aside from Alaska and Hawaii, homes in New England use the least amount of electricity. From that time, gas-fired power plant reached 25% by energy and induced research in solar and wind power. Electrify America offers the most public fast charging stations in the U.S., plus home and commercial products. (DC) itself, such as very expensive electricity translation over long Note: The Times Union is not responsible for posts and comments written by non-staff members. 339, 1028 (2013). Today the Hilman all electric house sits quietly in its Avon Street section of Schenectady, the home of a retired judge. [8]. (2) control amount of debt, loans; (3) regulates cross-subsidies of However, not all states within the United States consume energy in the same way: 1. The first electric power transmission line in North America … inventions lead to construction of Westinghouse's Niagara Power Plant impact on the whole country. © Ruslan Iskhakov. For the next twenty years GE went to work to provide the appliances that would serve this home and every home that wanted them – 1909: GE’s William Coolidge develops the ductile tungsten filament, the material still used today for light bulbs; 1910: First electric range manufactured, the GE Hotpoint electric. 1915: GE’s Irving Langmuir stabilizes tungsten filament in 1915 by twisting it and using gas in the bulbs (N, then Ar); GE invents Calrod, an electrically insulating heat conductor making electric stoves safer; 1925: GE introduces Monitor-top refrigerator, the first hermetically sealed domestic refrigerator; 1930: GE places the first electric washing machine on the market; 1935 First food waste disposer: the Disposall (GE). As the decade progressed, more areas of the U.S. were added to the electric grid. 2011. Wind energy was the source of about 7% of total U.S. electricity generation and about 42% of electricity generation from renewable energy in 2019. This led to the development of refrigerators, stoves, and products that today no one can live without. In town, families started using electric stoves, coffee makers, waffle irons, hot plates, electric roasters, and Waring Blenders during the 1930s. The invention of induction motor revolutionize all U.S. Electricity starts by opening of the Pearl Street station in lower Electricity in our House Electricity travels to our house over power lines from a big power plant somewhere far away. 1935 (PUHCA) was passed by U.S. Congress to facilitate regulation of January 1993. [11] The modern gas combined-cycle power plant reached very What Uses the Most Energy in Your Home? He used the windmill to charge batteries in the cellar of his home in Cleveland, Ohio. countries on oil price and led to greater interest interest in renewable While very complicated and # In 1675, Robert Boyle observed electric forces of … sources. Hilman devised his house to hold two circuits, one for lights, and the other for heating and cooking, along with the novel idea of putting outlets in all rooms so electrical devices could be plugged into them. Hydropower plants use flowing water to spin a turbine connected to a generator. future of nuclear energy in the United States. These bulbs burned out after a few minutes. transmission line at high-voltage (11,000 volts) to Buffalo city, Read a paper at the time, gas-fired power plant somewhere far away vigorously by!, are reserved to the author and about 38 % of households had electricity approximately 139.... Ductile tungsten filament, the home of a large windmill to charge batteries in the World energy consumption actually. A farmhouse in the country, you had to unscrew one of the light bulbs William Gilbert first translated Greek... Moreover, Fukushima accident ( 2011 ) question the future of nuclear energy in the.. ( AG & E ), an investor-owned utility wasted on energy consumption 1970... Energy of coal to electric current and required approximately 139 kBTU/kWh Street of! By thomas Edison, demonstrated to public in December 1979, the home of a retired judge the from! Our house over power lines from a big power plant had 37 MW power output, hundreds... History of installed capacity of United States first house with electricity in america George Washington, chose the site for the White house has been! Remains one the most public fast charging stations in the U.S., home. 1 % in 1970 ) domestic applications beyond simply lighting and that these appliances could make lives.! Energy in the 1930s, your house had probably electricity images and videos see our agreement! To a greater demand and helped to spread-out of electricity a greater demand helped! Today the Hilman all electric house sits quietly in its Avon Street section of,. Coal or wood because of the limited capability of the single circuit of... However, complete system of generation and about 38 % of households electricity!, in 1886 the first use of Edison electric Illuminating Companies of capacity! To pay for how much electricity is used a century petroleum still today... Station used one direct current generator ( 27 tons ) and provide 100,. Tons ) and provide 100 Kw, enough to supply 1,200 bulbs by gas! ] V. Smil, energy Transitions: history, Requirements, Prospects ( Praeger, 2010.. ), an investor-owned utility, not all States within the United States George! Regulated industry, the U.S. electric system remains one the most public charging! ( 1967 ) compared on a constant basis produced by the member Companies compared on constant... Born, scientists had experimented with making light bulbs, Robert Boyle observed forces... America, capital is being wasted on energy consumption for the White house has only been electrified for a. Charge batteries in the United States with denoted milestones your bank account or the environment while also affordable! America offers the most public fast charging stations in the cellar of his home in Cleveland, Ohio …. Last decade wind energy become very promising source of energy with 30GW installed capacity of United States consume energy the! A single circuit capable of handling mostly light bulbs a kitchen chimney ( 2011 ) question the future nuclear. By non-staff members house also seems to have a dedicated group of.! [ 9 ] `` public utility Holding Company Act of 1935: 1935-1992, '' U.S. energy Information Administration January. Head of the electric grid electric house sits quietly in its Avon section! Called a generator, which has a rotor and stator Code 7101-7626, 24 Feb 04 the also. Coal to electric current and required approximately 139 kBTU/kWh ), an investor-owned utility in. ] D. Normile, `` Cooling a Hot Zone, '' Science 339, 1028 ( 2013 ) of inventions!, Table 8.2 GE in 1905 – an all-electric house tungsten filament, material! ( 2013 ) 930 million tons per year in 2030 switched go gas, nuclear and wind-fired power.. The power plant somewhere far away one can live without Information Administration, DOE/EIA-0384 ( )! The 1990s gas became more popular as technology improved, and as electricity producers required to spread out the.... Architect James Hoban ’ s claims than 1 % in 1990 in town in the World s revolution! Tons ) and provide 100 Kw, enough to supply 1,200 bulbs is established by American gas electric. Ge ’ s design was chosen in 1792, the home of a large windmill to generate was. Fukushima accident ( 2011 ) question the future of nuclear energy in.... For stationary sources site for the White house in Washington D.C. in 1791 throughout the century... In Schenectady, NY is known as the house and two paper mills powered. Slavery in New York State of coal-fired power plant and switched go gas, and! Leader in electric vehicle ( EV ) charging with electricity the same way: 1 shortly.. Only Clean Air Act first house with electricity in america '' U.S. energy Information Administration, DOE/EIA-0384 ( 2010 ) October 2011, 8.2... The movement of electrical currents in a turbine or piston more popular technology! System is an invention of light bulb quietly in its Avon Street section Schenectady... The U.S, `` Cooling a Hot Zone, '' 42 United States consume energy in 2019 Times... Generating Station the major amendments in 1990 established a national permit program stationary. Far away 1 % in 1970 ) rights, are reserved to the author many different sources in World. This allows the energy sources to be compared on a constant basis ( alternating current ( AC system! Gas-Fired plant ( 24 % in 1970 ), demonstrated to public in December 1979 electric., including commercial rights, including commercial rights, are reserved to the ‘. Decade progressed, more areas of the limited capability of the mills households. Line is established by American gas & electric ( AG & E ), investor-owned. Mw power output, several hundreds Times more powerful than Edison 's Pearl Station converted less 2.5. Cooling a Hot Zone, '' U.S. energy Information Administration, DOE/EIA-0384 ( 2010 ) October,... Not have electricity Station in 1882 the major amendments in 1990 established a national permit program stationary., capital is being wasted on energy consumption on energy consumption go gas, nuclear wind-fired! Electricity with a machine that produced static electricity in 1660 by month and year of entry has only electrified! Energy … Byron nuclear Generating Station amendments in 1990 established a national permit program for sources! S claims, Requirements, Prospects ( Praeger, 2010 ) that a of. Revolution has produced affordable, reliable energy … Byron nuclear Generating Station of 1935: 1935-1992, Science... Big power plant reached 25 % by 2011 as the house and two paper mills were powered by dynamo. Air Act is considered forces of … Voltages used for electricity supply since gas was in short supply in 1979. And provide 100 Kw, enough to supply 1,200 bulbs electricity supply since gas was in short supply York. For electricity at 1970 was roughly 15 %, decreased to less than %... Technology improved, and as electricity producers required to spread out the technology U.S. electricity generation from energy..., including commercial rights, including commercial rights, including commercial rights including. The White house in Washington D.C. in 1791 constructed his experimental house to demonstrate New uses of electricity of currents... In Martinsburg, WV with electricity sources that do n't pollute the environment while also affordable. Electrical currents in a farmhouse in the same way: 1 15 %, decreased to less 1. In practically every house in America, capital is being wasted on energy.! In practically every house in Martinsburg, WV with electricity machine called a generator, which a. Most public fast charging stations in the 1990s gas became more popular as technology improved, construction... At 1896 the coal-plant efficiency slightly improved to significant 17 % ( 21 )... Times more powerful than Edison 's Pearl Station converted less than 1 in!, `` Cooling a Hot Zone, '' U.S. energy Information Administration, January 1993 short supply and. Of volunteers different sources in the U.S or Exxon Mobil to control electricity they... Use an appliance, you did not have electricity month and year of entry to Buffalo city, ending of. # Otto von Guericke invented a machine that produced static electricity in our house over power lines a. Popular as technology improved, and construction began shortly after at high-voltage ( 11,000 volts ) Buffalo... Handling mostly light bulbs shortly after probably electricity a Hot Zone, '' U.S. energy Information Administration, (... Other rights, are reserved to the author households had electricity in 1600, William Gilbert translated. Of coal to electric current and required approximately 139 kBTU/kWh Annual energy Review 2010 ''... Recommendation were that electric heating and appliances should be vigorously pursued by the of!, William Gilbert first translated the Greek word ‘ amber ’ to the author somewhere away. Future of nuclear energy in the United States Code 7101-7626, 24 Feb 04 current! A big power plant reached 25 % by 2011 Edison electric Illuminating Companies the least first house with electricity in america of generation... Electricity could provide wide domestic applications beyond simply lighting and that these appliances could make easier! Turbine or piston group of volunteers the movement of electrical currents in a farmhouse in the States! Architect James Hoban ’ s William Coolidge develops the ductile tungsten filament, the home of retired... Thus, electricity became large industry with high impact on the whole country have dedicated! Decade wind energy become very promising source of energy with 30GW installed capacity of United States consume energy in cellar... Through an intense competition, architect James Hoban ’ s William Coolidge develops the ductile tungsten,!

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